CBT Frequently Asked Questions:

How do I know if CBT is right for me?

CBT might be a good therapy option if:

  • you are interested in learning practical skills to manage daily situations and interactions, as well as the distress you feel as a result of your psychosis

  • you are willing to put in the time to practice these skills in between sessions 

The effectiveness of CBT is dependent on how much time, effort, and work you are prepared to put into your treatment. It is important to note that CBT is not suitable for everyone.

How long does CBT last?

CBT is a time-limited and goal-oriented treatment approach. The length of treatment can vary but typically involves 16 - 30 weekly sessions. Some people may find that they significantly improve in only 4-6 sessions, while others may find that they need more than 20 sessions to feel significant improvements.

How does CBT differ from other forms of therapy?

CBT does not concentrate on one's past or unconscious feelings, thoughts, and defence mechanisms. CBT focuses on the here-and-now (i.e., what a patient is experiencing in the present time), and combines theories and techniques from from both cognitive and behavioural paradigms. It emphasizes that the initial perception of a situation can cause negative dysfunctional emotions, and teaches people how to appraise distressing events as positive learning experiences instead of reflections of how "worthy" or  "adequate" they are as a person. 

How is progress assessed?

Two key features of cognitive behavioural therapy are measurement and feedback. Mood scales and other psychological tools are administered to measure progress objectively. Ongoing feedback is encouraged regarding progress and any perceived obstacles to treatment. 

Should I choose individual or group CBT? 

Individual and group CBT have been shown to produce similar results for a variety of mental health issues. In individual CBT, the session revolves around the client's needs and difficulties, allows therapists to know their clients in greater detail and to adjust treatment according to their progress and issues that may arise. Clients who choose individual CBT often do so because they feel they can share more personal information and offers greater flexibility around appointment scheduling. Group therapy usually consists of weekly sessions that are pre-determined and revolve around hearing from other individuals who struggle with similar difficulties. Those who choose group CBT often do so to connect with similar individuals who help them feel less alone. It is also possible to be involved in both group and individual therapy.